Every year, (2016, 2017, 2018) we look back at the year that has been in terms of progress, big headlines, stories of impact and importance in the ICT sector with a focus on the legal changes, interesting cases, digital rights violations and policy changes.
Together with Francis Monyango, here are our top 10 highlights in 2019 for Kenya.
- We finally got a Data Protection Act! , Alilililili. President Uhuru Kenyatta ended this 10 year journey when he signed the Data Protection Bill from the National Assembly on the morning of 8th of November 2019.
President Uhuru Kenyatta has today signed into law the Data Protection Bill 2019. The new data law establishes the office of the Data Commissioner and sets out the requirements for the protection of personal data processed by both public and private entities. pic.twitter.com/grDL5Hlqrv
— State House Kenya (@StateHouseKenya) November 8, 2019
- ISP Liability for Copyright – ISPs can now be held liable for Copyright infringing content accessed through their platforms. In September, President Kenyatta signed into law the Copyright (Amendment) Bill, 2019 aimed at addressing royalty issues and illegal content handling. DSTV has now sued Safaricom and JTL for enabling unlawful transmission of Supersport signals, a case which will help guide this law’s implementation.
- Legal responsibility for on demand commerce online platforms? – Following a conversation on social media, it was alleged that it was possible for children to access alcoholic drinks through on demand e – commerce applications that supply and deliver alcohol. As a platform provider, there is no express law that requires the provider to verify the age of persons making purchases on the app but self regulation for such may be suggested.
Re: Glovo, since we all know minors have access to devices – riders should be empowered to ask for ID before handing over a delivery. If no ID is shown, order should be voided and user blocked from making future purchases
— Social Experiment (@MediaMK) December 23, 2019
- Kenyan banks steal ideas? – Two interesting cases have made headlines on allegations of Corporate IP theft, coincidentally both banks. Here, a banker claims that the Bankers Association has been illegally using his idea on what is now Pesalink for commercial benefit. In this one against Equity Bank, the complainant accuses the bank of using his song in a ‘Wings to Fly’ advertisement since 2013 without paying him.
- Tech Giants take on Political ads: Google and Twitter took a stand on political ads while Facebook decided to abstain. Google in its revised policy states that they are limiting election ads audience targeting to: age, gender, and general location (postal code level). They also reiterated that it is against their policies for advertisers to make false claims. Twitter on the other hand banned all paid political adverts completely.
- Bloggers to start registering for licenses? – the Kenya Information and Communications (Amendment) Bill, 2019 aka social media bill was tabled in parliament seeking to regulate the use of social media by requiring bloggers or anyone who uses social media to get clearance or registration from the Communications Authority of Kenya. Those who will register would be obligated to obey a code of conduct that will be prescribed for users online.
- Taxation of the Digital Market Place – The Income Tax Act was amended to include income from a digital market place. A digital market place in this is defined as “a platform that enables direct interactions between buyers and sellers of goods and services through electronic means.” These developments mean that online traders who may not have been paying their fair share of taxes will now have to pay. The Cabinet Secretary for National Treasury is expected to issue regulations outlining mechanisms on the taxation of the digital economy.
- Digital Lenders on App Stores – Google also revised its Play Store platform policy to ensure the repayment period for mobile loans is not below 60 days. This policy change affected many digital lenders who are based in Kenya with several data protection violations and consumer protection complaints. Developers working on personal loan apps will now need to have data about the loan product in the metadata that allows it to verify the app is not charging astronomical interest, which is common with “payday loans.’
- Judiciary’s ICT Budget Cuts – The National Treasury reduced funds allocated to the Judiciary in this year’s budget. Per the Chief Justice Maraga, the cuts would affect mobile courts, the court of Appeal circuits, and particularly in regard to use of ICTs for public service delivery, the judiciary would have deprioritised commercial WiFi use that supports e-filing, e-payments and plans to automate corruption courts would be halted. This decision was later reversed by the Treasury.
- International Policy Engagement – Though not popularly known, The National Communications Secretariat is the government body mandated to formulate national policy under the Ministry of ICT.
— CA (@CA_Kenya) November 22, 2019
At the World Radiocommunication Conference this year, NCS Communications Secretary Daniel Obam, was reelected as Chairman of the ITU Radiocommunication Advisory Group Chair to advise the Sector on priorities and strategies adopted in the Sector, and recommend measures to foster cooperation.
We are representing #Kenya at @ITU #World #Radiocommunication #Conference 2019 #ITUWRC, Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, 28 Oct. – 22 Nov. 2019. @d_obam is the Chair of Committee 3 @MoICTKenya @jeroch1 @jane_munga @Vincent_Adul @CA_Kenya @CADirectorGen #ICT #Policy #Regulation #Africa pic.twitter.com/z5G8HjoRYm
— National Communications Secretariat (@NCS_Kenya) November 19, 2019
- Hello ICT Policy! 3 years later, the Ministry of ICT finally confirmed the Cabinet’s passing of the ICT Policy whose purpose is to outline the philosophical underpinnings of actions to be taken by legislators. This will certainly direct what focus areas we’ll see coming in to force and priority areas for the government.
As the year comes to a close, we would like to recognize the passing of the **National ICT Policy 2019** by Cabinet. The policy seeks to realize Kenya as a globally competitive knowledge-based economy. Download a copy from our website https://t.co/awLXCFWg9a @mucheru @jeroch1 pic.twitter.com/8lX5v6zwJc
— Ministry of ICT (@MoICTKenya) December 31, 2019
With these industry and legislative steps, 2020 promises to be a busy year in terms of implementation of the laws that have been passed this past year as well as ongoing landmark cases that would affect the industry.
On behalf of the legal tech community, we wish you a prosperous and blessed 2020!
Also: Thanks to @maxgauntner for making this photo available freely on @unsplash